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Comparative Morpho-Physiological Responses of Pea Genotypes Under Water Stress With the Applications of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

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 Shomaila Ashraf1*, Rafia Zainab1, Sumiya yasmeen1, Umar Naseer1, Aqsa Liaqat2*, Fatima Farooq2, Dawood Shaukat3, Zoya Batool Naqvi2

1Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore Sargodha Campus Pakistan

2Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

3Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

*Corresponding Authors E-mails: aqsaliaqat101@gmail.comShomaila14t@gmail.com


Submitted Accepted Published
Jul 14,2019 Aug 23,2019 Sep 19,2019

2019 / Vol: 2 / Issue: 3


Abstract


Nanoparticles are a group of environmental effluences. Drought hinders numerous physiological processes and decrease crop biomass and seed yields. Our principal focus is to check the interactive effects of nanoparticles and drought. However, no study has been performed on the effects of nanoparticles on Pea plant with the drought stress. In this study we exposed pea to 3 levels of nanoparticles concentration 0ppm, 20ppm and 50ppm under water deficit conditions during growing season 2017-2018. The experiment was performed using completely randomized design. Days to flowering were decreased 22% showing positive impacts of nanoparticles, there is 24% increase in Tendril Length, Relative water content, grain weight and Number of grains per pod due to drought stress and application of nanoparticles. Root length was increased 23%. Variety “Adventa selection” behaves much better than Climax with respect to certain agronomic traits because mean values for Tendril Length, Number of grains per pod and Days to flowering was better than Climax. Climax variety behave much better in some other agronomic traits like shoot length, root length and grain weight. Because mean values for above mentioned parameters were much better than Adventa selection. The application of iron oxide nanoparticles under water stress is recommended.

Keywords: Pea (Pisum sativum L.), Drought; Yield, nanoparticles


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