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Diagnosis and Treatment Of Diseases By Using Metallic Nanoparticles- A Review


The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS)

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Muneeza Muneer1, Shahzad Sharif Mughal1*, Sumaira Pervez1, Maryam Mushtaq1, Nageena Shabbir1

Asma Aslam1, Ali Raza Ayub2, Saqib Shafique2, Faheem Abbas2

1Department of chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan

2Department of chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding author’s email: shezi1130@gmail.com

Submitted Accepted Published
Dec 28,2019 Jan 21,2020 Feb 10,2020

2020 / Vol: 3 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Nanoscale materials that are found in many kinds at nano scale stage. Nanoparticles are vast class of material that contain small discrete mass of matter which have one particular range from 1-100nm. Nanoparticles are zero dimension, two dimensions and three dimensions etc. There are broad class of Nanoparticles which is used in disease diagnosis and treatment. Nanoparticles collaborated with the drug and increase the effectiveness of the target object. Surface of nanoparticles is modified with many agents and used in different disease. One of best purpose of nanoparticles is in drug delivery. Nanoparticles are not effective in human diseases but also helpful in plant disease. Different nanodevices like nanowires and cantilevers are very effective for gastrointestinal diseases. Specialists at Osaka University have joined nanopore sensors with man-made brainpower methods and showed that they can recognize single infection particles. This technique may give fast, purpose of utilization, ID of infections. A strategy for recognizing malignancy cells in the circulation system is being created utilizing nanoparticles called NanoFlares. The NanoFlares are structured tie to hereditary focuses in disease cells, and create light when that specific hereditary objective is found. Nanoparticles uses in different methods like MRI increased its efficiency for imaging. Many of imaging techniques like ultrasound imaging (USI), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical imaging (OI) ultrasound imaging (USI) for study of inside and outside study of human beings and others. There are different types of nanoparticles used in these techniques which help in vivo and vitro study. For treatment purpose, DNA vaccine coated SiO(LDH) nanoparticles induced antibody is used mostly. For this, nano spray recently discovered that picks up the insects. So, role of nanoparticles is effective. 

Key words: Diagnosis; cancer treatment; nanoparticles; quantum dots



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