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Effect of Target distance on sand impact erosion of type 201 stainless steel


The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS)

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Muhammad Junaid Tariq1*, Abdul Ahad Hussain1, Muhammad yaqoob Raza1, Yusra Ali1

1Department of Physics University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding author: muhammadjunaid962@gmail.com

Submitted Accepted Published
Jan 30,2020 Apr 22,2020 Apr 30,2020

2020 / Vol: 3 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Crude oil is the source of many of the products of petroleum like fuel, Lubricants, gasoline and Asphalt etc. in oil and gas industries. Find containing hydrocarbons recovered from reservoirs are mostly get polluted with fine sand particles. Sand and other particles of solid are usually cause of many problems of flow assurance. In this study, the impact of target distance from sand injector are considered to investigate erosion of stainless steel. For this purpose, a laboratory built sand blasting machine is used. Medium size uniform particle of sand of about 140 µm, attained by using dry sieving method, are used as erodent particles. The experiments are done by the use of a sieve set having different screening sizes. Stainless steel type 201 plates or coupons are used as target for erodent particles of sand in laboratory with the help of sand blasting rig. Type 201 stainless steel plates are positioned at target distance of 4 cm, 6cm, 8cm and 10cm from the sand injector nozzle at a fixed impacting angle of 90o. These steel coupons are eroded for a time period of 2 hour and the flow rate of sand is 2 kg/h. The treated coupons of steel are characterized by EDX and SEM. The weight of sample steel, the surface morphology and the composition of stainless steel before and after the experimentation are investigated to predict the effect of difference in distance of sand injector and target on erosion of surface. It is concluded that the steel plate composition noticeably modified after sand blasting. Some particles are dispersed inside the surface of metal, exposed to the sand blasting. The erosion rate decreased when there was an increase in the target distance from the nozzle of sand injector. The results of this study are also helpful to pay a crucial role in oil and gas industries.


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