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Efficacy of insecticide treated on packaging materials against Tribolium castaneum and Trogoderma granarium


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

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Muhammad Ishtiaq Sarwar1, Muhammad Nabeel saleem1, Muhammad Muneeb Shabbir1*, Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq1, Mubashir Tariq1, Atif Suhail1, Muhammad Mujeeb2, Ateeq-UR-Rehman1, Aqib Manzoor3

-Corresponding author: mianmuneebfsd@gmail.com
Submitted Accepted Published
Mar 24,2018 Oct 13,2018 Dec 20,2018

2018 / Vol: 1 / Issue: 1


Abstract


The present studies were carried out to investigate the toxicity of insecticides treated on three packaging materials against two stored product insect pests, Tribolium castaneum and Trogoderma granarium. Three insecticides (Deltamethrin, Spinosad and Spinetoram) were applied on three packaging materials (polyethylene, polypropylene and jute). Six concentrations of each insecticide (10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35ppm) were applied on each packaging material cut into circular pieces of petri dish size. After air drying, the treated pieces of packaging materials were placed in petri dishes. Then 30 adults of Tribolium castaneum and 30 larvae of Trogoderma granarium were released in the petri dishes, which were tightly covered using rubber bands and were placed in incubator at optimum growth conditions. Mortality of insects were observed after 24, 48 and 72 hrs. The overall maximum percent mortality of T. castaneum at 35ppm conc. and 72 hours exposure time was 41.96% for deltamethrin treated on polyethylene packaging material, 55.02% for spinetoram and 48.59% for spinosad at the same packaging material, dose rate and exposure time. Results of bioassay of insecticide application against Trogoderma granarium, the maximum mortality of T. granarium at 35ppm conc. and 72 hours exposure time was 89.08% for deltamethrin treated on polyethylene packaging material, 83.33% for spinetoram and 86.66% for spinosad at the same packaging material, dose rate and exposure time.

Key words: Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium, insecticide, packaging materials



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