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Estimation of correlation and heritability of agronomic characters in cotton


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

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Areeba Jahan1, H. M. Umair Waqas1*, M. Waqar Anwar1, H.M. Waseem2, Ali Imran1, M. Hadi Abbas3, Hafiza Hadiqa Anum3

*Corresponding author: umairpbg75@gmail.com

Submitted Accepted Published
Sep 20,2018 Feb 23,2019 Mar 10,2019

2019 / Vol: 2 / Issue: 1


Abstract


It is necessary to understand gene action, heritability and correlation of agronomic traits for the development of high yielding cultivar with good fibre quality. Correlation revealed that that plant height was positively correlated with monopodial branches, sympodial branches, number of bolls/plant, fibre length, fibre strength and lint percentage while negatively correlated with fibre fineness. Monopodial branches had positive association with plant height, number of bolls/plant, number of seeds/boll and lint percentage while it was negatively associated with number of sympodial branches and fibre fineness. Sympodial branches/plant were positively associated with plant height, seed cotton yield and lint weight while negatively correlated with monopodial branches/plant. Number of bolls/plant had a positive association with plant height, monopodial branches/plant, fibre length, fibre strength and lint weight. Negative association exhibited by number of bolls/plant with fibre fineness. Number of seeds/boll was positively associated with fibre fineness, seed cotton yield, lint percentage and lint weight. Fibre length had a positive association with plant height, number of seed/boll, seed cotton yield, lint percentage and lint weight while negatively correlated with fibre fineness. Fibre fineness had a positive association with number of seed/bolls, seed cotton yield and lint weight while negatively associated with plant height, number of monopodial branches/plant, number of bolls/plant, fibre length and fibre strength. Fibre strength was positively associated with plant height, number of bolls/plant, lint weight and lint percentage while it was negatively correlated with fibre fineness. Seed cotton yield had a positive association with sympodial branches/plant, seeds/boll, fibre length, fibre fineness, lint percentage and lint weight. Lint percentage had a positive association with plant height, number of seed/bolls, fibre length, fibre strength, seed cotton yield and lint weight. Lint weight per plant was positively correlated with sympodial branches/plant, seed /boll, fibre length, fibre strength, fibre fineness, seed cotton yield and lint percentage. All these characters mainly controlled by over-dominance, dominance, partial dominance and additive type of gene action. Estimation of broad sense heritability were in range of 21.43%-97.43% for all the yield and fibre related traits.

Key words: cotton, correlation, heritability, gene action


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