Evaluation of different fungicides for the management of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides cause of mango anthracnose.
The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)
Shahid Iqbal1, Nasir Ahmad Khan1, Mujeeb Ur Rehman1, Muhammad Usman1, Muhammad Hadi Abbas2, Hafiza Hadiqa Anum2, Hina Firdous1 and Mirza Waqas Safder1
-Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
|May 17,2018||Nov 29,2018||Jan 02,2019|
2019 / Vol: 2 / Issue: 1
Mango belongs to family Anacardiaceae and its genus is Mangiferae. The production of mango is affected due to various factors like extreme temperature, high humidity and different diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses etc. Mango anthracnose is one of the fungal diseases, caused by C. gloeosporioides which is responsible for huge losses in mango plantation. Out of four different fungicides which were used along with one control treatment like (Score, Amistar Top, Curzate and Revus) Score found to be most effective against the growth of fungal pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides at all concentrations at 5 days of interval as well as 9 days of interval. The experiment was designed in Complete Randomized Design (CRD). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control (49.5033mm) at 10ppm at 5 days of interval and minimum growth was in Score (5.4966mm). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control at 20 ppm at 5 days of interval followed by Revus, Curzate, Amistar Top and Score (48.5433,41.2922,39.6166,26.2866 and 5.41mm respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control and minimum growth was in Score (50.66and 5.08 respectively) at 50ppm at 5 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment (50.422mm) and minimum growth was observed in Score (4.95mm) at 100 ppm at 5 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was recorded in control treatment and minimum growth was observed in Score at 10 ppm at 9 days of interval (89.2and 9.67 respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was recorded in control at 20 ppm at 9 days of interval followed by Curzate, Revus, Amistar Top and Score (89.33,75.413,71.83,30.01and 9.48 respectively). Maximum growth was of fungus observed in control treatment (89.351mm) and minimum growth was in Score (8.07) at 50 ppm at 9 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment followed by Revus, Curzate, Amistar Top and Score (90.00, 57.299, 51.52, 24.44, 7.3922 respectively). Out of three plant extracts which were used along with one control treatment like (Neem, Aloe Vera and Moringa) Moringa found to be most effective at 10% concentrations at 5 days of interval followed by Neem, Aloe Vera and Control (32.32,47.448,49.96 and 67.532 mm respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment (73.793mm) and minimum growth was observed in Moringa (29.89 mm) at 15% concentration at 5 days of interval.
Key words: Mango, anthracnose, fungus
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