Updates
  • The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)- Published Quarterly
  • The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS) -Published Quarterly

Evaluation of different fungicides for the management of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides cause of mango anthracnose.


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

PDF

Shahid Iqbal1, Nasir Ahmad Khan1, Mujeeb Ur Rehman1, Muhammad Usman1, Muhammad Hadi Abbas2, Hafiza Hadiqa Anum2, Hina Firdous1 and Mirza Waqas Safder1

-Corresponding author: shahidjahanian1@gmail.com 

Submitted Accepted Published
May 17,2018 Nov 29,2018 Jan 02,2019

2019 / Vol: 2 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Mango belongs to family Anacardiaceae and its genus is Mangiferae. The production of mango is affected due to various factors like extreme temperature, high humidity and different diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses etc. Mango anthracnose is one of the fungal diseases, caused by C. gloeosporioides which is responsible for huge losses in mango plantation. Out of four different fungicides which were used along with one control treatment like (Score, Amistar Top, Curzate and Revus) Score found to be most effective against the growth of fungal pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides at all concentrations at 5 days of interval as well as 9 days of interval. The experiment was designed in Complete Randomized Design (CRD). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control (49.5033mm) at 10ppm at 5 days of interval and minimum growth was in Score (5.4966mm). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control at 20 ppm at 5 days of interval followed by Revus, Curzate, Amistar Top and Score (48.5433,41.2922,39.6166,26.2866 and 5.41mm respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control and minimum growth was in Score (50.66and 5.08 respectively) at 50ppm at 5 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment (50.422mm) and minimum growth was observed in Score (4.95mm) at 100 ppm at 5 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was recorded in control treatment and minimum growth was observed in Score at 10 ppm at 9 days of interval (89.2and 9.67 respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was recorded in control at 20 ppm at 9 days of interval followed by Curzate, Revus, Amistar Top and Score (89.33,75.413,71.83,30.01and 9.48 respectively). Maximum growth was of fungus observed in control treatment (89.351mm) and minimum growth was in Score (8.07) at 50 ppm at 9 days of interval. Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment followed by Revus, Curzate, Amistar Top and Score (90.00, 57.299, 51.52, 24.44, 7.3922 respectively). Out of three plant extracts which were used along with one control treatment like (Neem, Aloe Vera and Moringa) Moringa found to be most effective at 10% concentrations at 5 days of interval followed by Neem, Aloe Vera and Control (32.32,47.448,49.96 and 67.532 mm respectively). Maximum growth of fungus was observed in control treatment (73.793mm) and minimum growth was observed in Moringa (29.89 mm) at 15% concentration at 5 days of interval.

Key words: Mango, anthracnose, fungus


Reference


  1. Abang, M.M., (2003). Genetic diversity of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. causing anthracnose disease of yam (Dioscorea spp.) and Mango (Mangifera indica) in Nigeria. Bibliotheca Mycologica Vol. 197. J. Cramer in der Gebr. Borntraeger Science Publishers, Berlin, Stuttgart.
  2. Adeniyi D.O., Orisajo, S.B., Fademi, O.A., Adenuga, O.O., Dongo, L.N., (2011). Physiological studies of fungi complexes associated with cashew diseases. Journal ofagriculture and Biological Science 6:34-38.
  3. Alemu, K., Ayalew, A., Woldetsadic, K.,  (2014). Effect of aqueous extracts of some medicinal plants in controlling anthracnose disease and improving postharvest quality of mango fruit. Persion Gulf Crop Production 3:84-92.
  4. Anonymous. (2011). Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan, Government of Pakistan, Ministory of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Economic wing, Islamabad.
  5. Assis, J.S., (2004). Cultivo da mangucira: colbeita e pos-colbeita.Embrapa semi Arido,Petrolina. http://sistemasdeproducao.cnptia.embrapa.
  6. Dean, R., Van Kan, J. A. L., Pretorius, Z.A., Hammond-Kosack, K.E., Di pietro, A. Spanu, P.D., Rudd, J.J., Dickman, M., Kahmann, R., Ellis, J., Foster, G.D., (2012). The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology. Molecular Plant Pathology 13:414-430.
  7. Diedhious, P.M., Mbaye, N., Drame, A., Samb, P.I., (2007). Alterations of postharvest diseases of mango Mangifera indica through production practices and climate factors. African Journal of Biotechnology 6:1087-1094.
  8. FAO, (2003). The state of global mango economy.ftp://ftp.fao.org/unfao/bodies/ccp/ba-tf/04/ ad628e.
  9. FAO, (2016). Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database.
  10. Haggag, W.M., (2010). Mango disease. Agric Biol. J N Am 1(3):285-289.
  11. Ibarra, I., Ramos, P., Hernandez, C., & Jacobo, D., (2015). Effects of postharvest ripening on the nutraceutical and physicochemical properties of mango (Mangifera indica L. cv Keitt). Postharvest Biology and Technology. 103(2):45-54.
  12. Iram, S., Meer, H., Ahmed, I., (2013). Major Post-Harvest Diseases of Mango and their management. International Journal of Agronomyand Plant Production 4:3470-3484.
  13. Khalid, P., Akhtar S. and Alam, A., (2002). Assessment Keys for Some Important Diseases of Mango. Pak. J.Biol. Sci., 5(2): 246-250.
  14. Maqbool, M., Anwar, R., Ahmed, S., Memon, N.N., Jameel, M., Akhtar,F.U.Z. and  Aslam M.N., (2011). Flushing pattern of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars in response to pruning of panicles and its effect on carry over effect of floral malformation. Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 48:13-18.
  15. Martinez, E.P., Hio, J.C., Osorio, J.A., Torres, M.F., (2009). Identification of Colletotrichum species causing anthracnose on Tahiti lime, tree tomato and mango. Agronimia Colombia 27:211-218. 
  16. Mukherjee, S.K., Litz, R.E., (2009). Introduction: botany and importance. The mango: Botany, production and uses, Department of Agriculture, Calcutta university.p.1-18.
  17. Nafees, M., S. Ahmad, R. Anwar, I. Ahmad, Maryyam and R.R. Hussnain. 2013. Improved horticultural practices against leaf wilting, root rot and nutrient uptake in mango (Mangifera indica L.). Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 50: 393-398.
  18. O`Shea, N., Arendt, E., &Gallagher, E., (2012). Dietary fiber and phytochemical characteristics of fruits and vegetable by-products and their recent applications as novel ingredients in food products. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies. 16:1-10.
  19. Onyeani, C.A., Osunlaja, S. O., Oworu, O. and Olufemi, S., (2012). First Report of Fruit Anthracnose in Mango caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in Southwestern Nigeria.”Intern.J. of Scientific and Technology Research vol. 4:30-34.
  20. Phoulivong, S., Lei, C., Hang, C., Eric, H.C., Abdelsalam, K., et al. (2010). Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is not a common pathogen on tropical fruits. Fungal Diversity 44(1):33-43.
  21. Pitkethley, R. and Cond, B., (2007a). Mango Anthracnose. Agnote, No: 123, 2007a. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from www.nt.gov.au/dpifma
  22. Plotez, R.C., (2003). Diseases of Mango. pp..527-363. In:R.C. Plotez (ed) Diseases of Tropical Fruit Crops. CABI Publishing. Wallingford, UK.pp.544.
  23. Prabakar, K., Raguchander, T., Parthiban, V.K., Muthulakshmi, P., and Prakasam, V. (2005). Postharvest fungal spoilage in mango at different levels marketing. Madras Agrric. J.92(1-3): 42-48.
  24. Prakash, O.M,. (2004). Disease and Disorders of Mango and their Management. Disease of Fruit and vegetable 1:511-619.
  25. Prusky, D., and Keen, N. P. (2009). Involvement of performed antifungal compounds in the resistance of subtropical fruits of fungal decay. Plant Disease 77:114-119.
  26. Rajwana, I.A., Khan,I.A., Malik, A.U., Saleem, B.A., Khan, A.S., Zia, K., Anwar R. and Amin, M., (2011). Morphological and biochemical markers for varietal characteristation and quality assessment of potential indigenous Mango (Mangifera indica) germplasm. Int. J. Agric.Biol.13: 151-158.
  27. Rojas, E.I., Rehner, S.A., Samuels, G.J,Van, Bael, S.A., Herre, E.A., et al. (2010). Colletotrichum gloeosporioides associated with Theobroma cacao and other plants in Panama: multilocus phylogenies distinguish host associated pathogens from asymptomatic endophytes.Mycologia 102(6): 1318-1338.
  28. Sangeetha, C.G., and Rawal, R.D., (2009). Temperature requirement of different isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolated from mango. Am.Eur. J.Sci.Res.,4:20.

© Copy Rights
By Authors and RnD Journals.
http://rndjournals.com