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Response of Water Deficit Conditions on Various Genotypes of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

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*Zeshan Arshad1, Muhammad Qasim2, Maria Ubaid3, Rabia Dilshad4, Aizaz Ali5, Rujab Nadeem6, Sheryar Abbas7,

1Institute of Soil and Environmental Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

2,4,6,7Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad

3Faculty of Agriculture Science, University of the Punjab Lahore

5Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, University of Agriculture Peshawar

*Corresponding Author: - Zeshanarshad075@gmail.com

Submitted Accepted Published
Jan 29,2022 Mar 11,2022 Mar 29,2022

2022 / Vol: 5 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Present research was conducted to check the response of wheat genotypes under drought stress for plant height, tillers per plant, spike length, peduncle length, number of grains, grain yield and 1000-grain weight. Ten high yielding varieties of wheat were sown under normal conditions and drought stress under randomized complete block design with three replications. The results of ANOVA showed that all characters were showing highly significant results for irrigation and genotypes except spike. Interaction of irrigation and genotypes showed significant results for spikelets per spike, plant height number of tillers per plant and peduncle length. Among genotypes under drought stress, yield per plant showed strong correlation value for yield per spike, 1000-Grain Weight, Grains per Spike and Tillers per plant while no correlation with spikelets per spike. Plant height was negatively correlated with yield per and observed positive correlation with other traits except 1000-Grain Weight. Results of PCA showed that under normal irrigation genotype Galaxy-13 performed better for grain yield per plant followed by Pak-81. Genotype Inqlab-91 performed good under drought stress followed by Johar-16. Zincol performed good under both conditions of irrigation. Lasani-08 was sensitive under drought stress for grain yield per plant.

Key words: Wheat, drought, germplasm


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