The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)
Muhammad Zubair Shah1*, Riaz ahmad2, Haleema Sadia1, Maryam Zulfiqar1, Sobia Riaz3,
Abdul Kareem4, Rizwan Mehmood5, Faisal Iqbal1
1Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
2Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
3Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
4College of Grassland Agricultural Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, China.
5Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
*Corresponding author’s: email@example.com
|Jul 01,2020||Jul 31,2020||Aug 23,2020|
2020 / Vol: 3 / Issue: 3
Phosphorus fertilization is major input in crop production and is most important nutrient needed by wheat crop. However,
genotypes vary for their response to different phosphorus level. The present study was carried out investigate the
response of wheat lines viz. 9496, ZA-10, Galaxy-2013, ZA-6, 9493 to different phosphorus level with respect to their
germination and yield response. This experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture,
Faisalabad during 2016-17 was carried out at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad during 2016-
17 and replicated three times. This experiment was designed in Randomized Complete Block Design in factorial
arrangements. The plot size of 1.8 × 6.0 m was maintained. The collected data were analyzed statistically by employing
Fisher’s analysis of variance techniques. Treatments means were compared by using least significant difference test at
(5%) probability level. Observations on yield related and morphological traits were calculated following standard
procedures. Data depicted that 100 kg ha-1 produced maximum plant height, stem diameter, spike per plant no of tiller,
leaf area as compared to control in all genotypes. Further we observed maximum 1000-grain weight and harvest index at
100 kg ha-1 p level as compared to control. Moreover, data shows that genotype Galaxy-2013 performed better as
compared to 9496, ZA-10, ZA-6 and 9493 genotypes.
Key words: Wheat, phosphorus application, yield
a) Ali, M.S., A. Sutradhar, M.L. Edano, J.T. Edwards and K. Girma. 2014. Response of winter wheat grain
yield and phosphorus uptake to foliar phosphite fertilization. Inter. J. Agron., 2014.
b) Aziz, T., Rahmatullah, M.A. Maqsood, M.A. Tahir, I. Ahmad and M.A. Cheema. 2006. Phosphorus
utilization by six Brassica cultivars (Brassica juncea L.) from tri-calcium phosphate; a relatively insoluble
P compound. Pak. J. Bot., 38: 1529-1538.
c) Batten, G.D., 1992. A review of phosphorus efficiency in wheat. Plant and soil, 146(1-2), pp.163-168.
d) Coltman, R.R., G.C. Gerloff and W.M. Gabelman. 1985. Differential tolerance of tomato strains to
maintained and deficient levels of phosphorus. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 110: 140-144.
e) Govt. of Pakistan. 2017. Economic survey of Pakistan 2016-2017. Govt. of Pakistan, Finance
Division, Economic Advisors Wing, Islamabad, Pakistan, pp. 19-23.
f) Hinsinger P, Plassard C, Tang C, Jaillard B. 2003. Origins of root -mediated pH changes in the rhizosphere
and their responses to environmental constraints: A review. Plant Soil, 248, 43-59.
g) Khan, R., Gurmani, A.R., Gurmani, A.H. and Zia, M.S., 2007. Effect of phosphorus application on wheat
and rice yield under wheat-rice system. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 23(4), p. 851.
h) Lak, M., A. Farnia and M. Shaban. 2013. Changes in seed yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars
in different sowing dates. Int. J. Agri. Crop Sci., 5: 861-867.
i) López-Bucio J, de Lavega O M, Guevara-García A, HerreraEstrella L. 2000. Enhanced phosphorus uptake
in transgenic tobacco plantsthat overproduce citrate. Nature Biotechnology, 18, 450-453.
j) Ma, W., Ma, L., Li, J., Wang, F., Sisák, I. and Zhang, F., 2011. Phosphorus flows and use efficiencies in
production and consumption of wheat, rice, and maize in China. Chemosphere, 84(6), pp.814-821.
k) McLaughlin MJ, McBeath TM, Smernik R, Stacey SP, Ajiboye B, Guppy C. (2011). The chemical nature
of P accumulation in agricultural soils – implications for fertiliser management and design: an Australian
perspective. Plant and Soil, 349, 69-87.
l) Neumann G, Massonneau A, Langlage N, Dinkelaker B, Hengeler C, Roemheld V, Martinoia E. 2000.
Physiological aspects of cluster root function and development in phosphorus-deficient white lupin
(Lupinus albus L.). Annals of Botany, 85, 909-919.
m) Plaxton, W.C. and M.C. Carswell. 1999. Metabolic aspects of the phosphate starvation response in
plants. In: Plant responses to environmental stresses: From phytoharmones to genome reorganization.
Marcel Dekker, New York, USA. pp. 349-372.
n) Sainio, P.P., M. Kontturi and J. Peltonen. 2006. Phosphorus seed coating enhancement on early growth
and yield components in oat. Agron. J., 98: 206-211
o) Shen, J., L. Yuan, J. Zhang, H. Li, Z. Bai, X. Chen, W. Zhang and F. Zhang. 2011. Phosphorus dynamics:
from soil to plant. Plant Physiol., 156: 997-1005.
p) Vance, C., C. Ehde–Stone, C. and D. Allan 2003. Phosphorus acquisition and use: critical adaptations by
plants for securing a nonrenewable resource. New Phytol. 157, 423–447.
q) Xin, X., S. Qin, J. Zhang, A. Zhu, W.Yang and X. Zhang. 2017. Yield, phosphorus use efficiency and
balance response to substituting long-term chemical fertilizer use with organic manure in a wheat-maize
system. Field Crops Research, 208, pp.27-33.
r) Yang L J, Y.L. Zhang, F.S. Li and J.H. Lemcoff. 2011. Soil phosphorus distribution as affected by
irrigation methods in plastic film house. Pedosphere, 21, 712-718.
s) Yang, T. X, Y.M. Li, L.Y. Zhang and S.S. Liu. 2006. Studies on the rule of winter wheat absorption and
utilization of phosphorus fertilizer at spring regreening stage using phosphorus-32tracer. Journal of
Agricultural University of Hebei, 17, 5-8. (in Chinese).
t) Yaseen, M. and S.S. Malhi. 2009. Variation in yield, phosphorus uptake, and physiological efficiency of
wheat genotypes at adequate and stress phosphorus levels in soil. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 40:
u) Yaseen, M., M.K. Khalil and S. Kashif. 2004. Genetic variability and adaptation of wheat varieties to
phosphorus deficiency stress. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 41: 47-51.