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Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles for agricultural applications


The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS)

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Ishrat Fatima1*, Muhammad Aslam2, Muhammad Waqas Yonas3, Muhammad Haroon4, Muhammad Saqib Mushtaq5, Faheem Abbas and Muhammad Usman Tahir6

*Corresponding author: fatimaishrat661@gmail.com
Submitted Accepted Published
Nov 05,2018 Jan 22,2019 Feb 11,2019

2019 / Vol: 2 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Nanotechnology is an emerging field of science and technology to produce, design, characterize and use structures, systems and devices by controlling size and shape at nanoscale level. Nanotechnology has become an interdisciplinary technology that has connected scientific fields such as chemistry, physics, agriculture, material sciences and medicine. Nanoparticles exhibit improved physical, chemical and biological properties based on specific characteristics such as size distribution and morphology. Due to their size nanoparticles have higher surface to volume ratio having distinct properties as compared to the bulk counterpart offering many new developments in biosensors, nano fertilizers, nano pesticides and many more. Growth and yield of crops can be improved by developing new agrochemicals using nanotechnology. Size and shape of various nanomaterials is an important factor for their agricultural applications. Attempts are being made to develop different nanoparticles for slow release, minimize pollution, increase germination and growth rate with improvement in yield. Metal oxide nanoparticles can be called multi-functional materials due to their unique properties and versatile applications as pesticide, fungicide and fertilizer


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