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The origin and current situation of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici in Pakistan


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

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Rukhsana Nazir1Hamza Khalid Khan2, Muhammad Shahzad Sharif1, Muhammad Uzaif Khan1, Abdul Rehman1, Amer Habib1, Muhammad Wahab1, Ghulam Fatima3

1Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan,

2Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan,

3Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

“Corresponding Email”: rukhsananazir99@gmail.com; Hamza2696555@gmail.com

Submitted Accepted Published
May 05,2022 Jun 23,2022 Jun 30,2022

2022 / Vol: 5 / Issue: 1


Abstract


Tomato is famous and vital vegetable in the world and it is very beneficial to human health. Fungal pathogen reduce the production of tomato. In Pakistan, the main reason of reduction in production of tomato crop is due to diseases. Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici is fungal pathogen that cause vascular wilt disease in tomato. And this pathogen is from family Ascomycota and hypocreales order. 10 to 50% and 10 to 90% tomato crop losses in the world and in Pakistan warm regions respectively. Pathogen is saprophytic in nature and is soil borne and can survive in soil for many years. Young leaves show symptoms and growth is stunted and death occur. Sindh and Northern areas of Pakistan show disease with variation in disease incidence. Acidic soil and 25 to 28°C temperature favor infection. FOL enter in root epidermis and spread in tissues of vascular system. Furthermore, clogging in vessel show wilting symptoms. Chlamydospore is dormant and is present in soil even host is not present. Contaminated soil and farm equipment’s, infected transplant and irrigation water are main source of spread of this pathogen. In Pakistan that disease is managed by integrated practices such as use of resistant varieties, bio-control agents and systemic induced or acquired resistance. Use of resistant varieties and crop rotation is best way to manage this disease. Soil pH should be raised to control this disease and use of certified seed can also control this disease. Fol can control by SAR (Systemic Acquired Resistance), induced resistance, Plant resistance protein, foliar spray and Seed treatment. Fumonisin produced by pathogenic strains that infect tomato crops have mycotoxins ability.

Key words: Fusarium oxysporum, origin, tomato


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