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Authors guideline


1. Online Submission


Please submit your article online by registering first as a first time user. The system works by logging-in, and submitting by transferring word processing, graphic and statistical files. Only formats which include .doc or .docx files will be accepted. The files are converted to PDF format which are then transferred to the reviewers, editors and publisher.


After registering as a user and submitting your paper, you will be informed by e-mail at each stage of the process (i.e., when your manuscript has been received, when it is given a reference number, and when a decision has been made). You check on the progress of your submission, you just have to login as an author using the special details provided when you first register.

2. Manuscript Preparation


To expedite the review process, please format the manuscript in the following way:


Article type:

All manuscripts are expected to be prepared as a single MS Word document with the complete text, references, tables and figures included. Any revised manuscripts prepared for publication should be sent as a single editable Word document.


Manuscripts should be written in English. Title, author(s), and affiliations should all be included on a title page as the first page of the manuscript file, followed by a 100-300 word abstract and 3-5 keywords. The order they follow is: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction.


Figure and table requirement:

All figures or photographs must be submitted as jpg or tif files with distinct characters and symbols at 500 dpi (dots per inch). Test your figures by printing them from a personal computer. The online version should look relatively similar to the personal-printer copy. Tables and equations should be in an editable rather than image version. Tables must be edited with Word/Excel. Equations must be edited with Equation Editor. Figures, tables and equations should be numbered and cited as Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, etc. in sequence.


How to count page numbers:

4. Before submission or after acceptance, type your manuscript single spaced, and make all the characters in the text, tables, figure legends, footnotes and references in a single typeface and point size as 10 pt Times New Roman. This will save space, make it easier for reviewers and editors to process the submitted work, and contributes to slowing down global warming by using less paper.


References:

In the text, a reference should be quoted by the author's name and date in parentheses, in date order, e.g. (Serrano, 1994; Edmondson, 1998). Where there are three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used. A list of references should be given at the end of the text listing, in alphabetical order, surname of authors and initials (in capitals), year of publication (in parentheses), title of paper, name of journal abbreviated (in normal) as in CAB International Serials Checklist, volume, and first and last pages of the reference; the place of publication and publisher (and Editor(s) if appropriate) for books and conferences should be included. Examples:


1. In text:

Serrano (1994); Serrano (1994a,b); Scott and Jaggard (1993); (Edmondson, 1998); (Scott and Jaggard, 1993; Serrano, 1994; Edmondson, 1998); Ferris et al. (1990); (Ferris et al., 1990


2. In reference list:

Article in journal, magazine and serial publication:
Akram, M., A.M. Malik, M.Y. Ashraf, M.F. Saleem and M. Hussain. 2007. Competitive seedling growth and K+ /Na+ ratio in different maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids under salinity stress. Pak. J. Bot. 39:2553-2563.
Aslam, M., M. Ismat, R.H. Qureshi, S. Nawaz and I.A. Mehmood. 1994. Paddy yield affected by planting techniques in a salt-affected soil. Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 31:401-405.


3. Books (including bulletins, reports):

Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A biometrical approach, 2nd Ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.


4. Chapter in a book:

Wiseman, J. 1990. Variability in the nutritive value of fats and non-ruminants. In: J. Wiseman and J.A. Cole (eds.), Feedstuffs Evaluation. Butterworths, London. pp.232-234.


5. Conference, symposium or workshop proceedings:

Khan, I.A., M.J. Jaskani, M.M. Khan and B. Fatima. 2002. Breeding for triploid seedless citrus fruits-A biotechnology approach. In: Y.A. Al-Shayji, J.S. Sidhu, M. Saleem and K. Guerinik (eds.), Biotechnology Applications for the Arid Regions. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait. pp.229-234.


6. Dissertation or thesis:

Mehmood, A. 2013. Physical, biochemical and moecular profiling of guava (Psidium guajava L.) germplasm. Ph.D. diss., Inst. Hort. Sci., Univ. Agric., Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Kirkegaard, J.A. 1990. Effect of compaction on the growth of pigeon pea on clay soils. Ph.D. diss., Dept. Soil Sci., Univ. Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.


7. Software and websites:

National Agricultural Statistics Service. 1997. Crops county data. Available online with updates at https://usda.mannlib.comell. edu/data-sets/crops/9X100


Conclusion


This should clearly explain the important conclusions of the work highlighting its significance and relevance.


Acknowledgments


All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the extremely end of the manuscript prior to references part. This section may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.