Warning: session_start(): open(/var/cpanel/php/sessions/ea-php56/sess_iiaohqgc89j7sb2vpkv9bk1u91, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home6/rndjournals/public_html/classes/includes.php on line 8
 RnD Journals
Updates
  • The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)- Published Quarterly
  • The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS) -Published Quarterly

Assessment of some parents and their hybrids for agronomic traits in Cotton (Gossypium hirsuitum L.)


The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)

PDF
Tahira Bano1, Hassan Zafar Khari1, Hira Aslam2*
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.
2Department of Physiology, GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan.
*Corresponding email: maherhira385@gmail.com
Submitted Accepted Published
Oct 23,2020 Nov 19,2020 Nov 28,2020

2020 / Vol: 3 / Issue: 4


Abstract


Cotton (Gossypium hirsuitum L.) is a major cash crop all over the world. The presence of genetic variation in the available germplasm is pre-requisite for starting breeding program, secondly information about various genetic mechanism controlling various parameters is also important. The present experiment was planned to study the genetic basis of some agronomic traits contributing to yield of upland cotton. In this experiment, four genotypes viz PB-896, PB-76, AGC-2 and VH-282 were used as parents, which were crossed in all possible combinations. The F1 along with four parents was evaluated in field conditions. These progenies were planted in three replication following randomised complete block design. At the time of maturity, data were recorded on plant height, no. of bolls plant-1, boll weight, seed cotton yield and ginning out turn. The data were used for analysis of variance to test the variation among genotypes for these traits. All the genotypes were highly significant for the parameters under studied. It showed that parent AGC-2 has maximum plant height (84.30 cm) and PB-76 has minimum plant height (72.55 cm) among all the parents while hybrid AGC-2 × PB-76 exhibited maximum plant height (80.13 cm).   It revealed that parent AGC-2 has maximum number of bolls (12.00) and while hybrid PB-76 × PB-896 showed maximum number of bolls (14.00). The parent VH-282 exhibited maximum boll weight (3.34 g) and hybrid PB-76 × PB-896 showed maximum boll weight (3.58 g). It showed that parent PB-896 gave maximum seed cotton yield per plant (40.15 g) and hybrid PB-76 × PB-896 showed maximum seed cotton yield (43.40 g). It is showed that parent AGC-2 has maximum GOT (45.23 %) while hybrid AGC-2 × PB-896 showed maximum GOT (45.75 %).
Key words: Cotton (Gossypium hirsuitum L.), seed cotton yield, genetic variation


Reference


Ali, M.A., I.A. Khan, S.I. Awan, S. Ali and S. Niaz. 2008. Genetics of fiber quality traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Aust. J. Crop Sci. 2: 10-17.
Bajracharya, J., K. Steele, D. Jarvis, B. Sthapit and J. Witcombe. 2006. Rice landrace diversity in Nepal: Variability of agro-morphological traits and SSR markers in landraces from a high-altitude site. Field Crop. Res. 95: 327-335.
Batool, S., N. U. Khan, K. Makhdom, Z. Bibi, G. Hassan, K. B. Marwat, Farhatullah, F. Mohammad, Raziuddin and I. A. Khan. 2010. Heritability and genetic potential of upland cotton genotypes for morpho-yeild traits. Pak. J. Bot. 42: 1057-1064.
Chaudhry, M. R. and A. Guitchounts. 2003. Cotton Facts. Technical paper No. 25 of the common fund for commodities. International cotton advisory committe. pp. 158.
Esmail, R., J. Zhang and A. Abdel-Hamid. 2008. Genetic diversity in elite cotton germplasm lines using field performance and RAPD markers. World J. Agric. Sci. 4: 369-375.
Gilbert, N. 1958. Diallel cross in plant breeding. Heridity. 12: 477-492.
Griffing, B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel system of crossing. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 9: 463-493.
Haigler, C.H., L. Betancur, M.R. Stiff and J.R. Tuttle. 2012. Cotton fiber: a powerful single-cell model for cell wall and cellulose research. Frontiers in plant Sci. 3: 104.
Iqbal, M., M. Naeem, M. Rizwan, W. Nazeer, M.Q. Shahid, U. Aziz, T. Aslam and M. Ijaz. 2013. Studies of genetic variation for yield related traits in upland cotton. American Eurasian J. Agric. and Environ. Sci. 13: 611-618.
Khan, N.U. 2003. Genetic analysis, combining ability and heterotic studies for yield, its components, fiber and oil quality traits in upland cotton (G. hirsutum L.). Ph.D. Dissertation, Sindh Agri. Univ. Tandojam, Pakistan.
Macmillan, C.P., H. Birke, F. Bedon and F.A. Pettolino. 2013. Lignin Deposition in Cotton Cells-Where is the lignin? J. Plant Biochem. Physiol. 1: 106.
Neelima, S., V. Reddy and A. Reddy. 2004. Combining ability studies for yield and yield components in American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Annals Agric. Biol. Res. 9: 1-6.
Subhan, M., M. Qasim, M.U. Khan, M.A. Khan and M.A. Amin. 2003. Diallel analysis for
estimating combining ability of quantitatively inherited traits in upland cotton. Asian J. Plant Sci. 3: 2087-2090.

© Copy Rights
By Authors and RnD Journals.
http://rndjournals.com