• The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)- Published Quarterly
  • The International Journal of Global Sciences (TIJOGS) -Published Quarterly

Herbs variation at different canal bank of Tehsil Depalpur

The International Journal of Biological Research (TIJOBR)


Naila Mukhtar

Department of Botany, University of Okara

Corresponding Email: nailamukhtar@uo.edu.pk

Submitted Accepted Published
Dec 03,2021 Dec 18,2021 Dec 20,2021

2021 / Vol: 4 / Issue: 1


A phytosociological assessment of herbs was directed during 2020 along canal banks and farmlands of Depalpur, District Okara (Pakistan). Plants were photographed collected and mounted on herbarium for identification. Phytosociological data was collected through quadrat method. Floristic analysis revealed that studied area comprised of total 34 herbs species belonging to 27 Genera and 16 Families. Poaceae was the predominant family in the study area with 11 genera, Asteraceae family has 3 genera, Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae have 2 generas, Apocynaceae, Cleomaceae, Barassicaceae, Cypraceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Oxalidaceae, Areaceae, Solanaceae, Typhaceae, Aizoaceae, Aristolochiaceae and Zygophyllaceae all these have 1 genera, next most frequent members in study area were belonged to family Asteraceae with 3 species and 3 genera. Life form also observed from the study sites that were ranging from etc. The most encountered life form was Therophyte (59%) then Chamaephyte (17%), Hemicryptopyhte (12%), Geophyte (9%), Phanerophyte (3%). The highest IVI value of Cynodon dactylon (16.63%) that observed from site A. Dicanthium anulatum (11.65%) from site B. The maximum index of similarity (SI)was recorded between 1st and 2nd site with 48.4%.

Key words: Herbs, biodiversity, Traditional Spices


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